Tallinn Botanic garden
Tallinn Botanic garden is located in the forest area of Pirita near the TV tower. The distance to the garden from the city center is about ten kilometers. The area of the territory is 123 hectares. The collection of Tallinn Botanic Garden is located in the open-air plots, as well as in the palm house, where tropical plants grow.
History of the Tallinn Botanic Garden
The Tallinn Botanic Garden was founded in 1961 as an institute of the Academy of Sciences. In this form the garden existed throughout the Soviet period in Estonia, as well as in the first years after the restoration of independence of the republic. In 1995 the institution became the property of the municipality.
During the first ten years of its existence only scientific people could come here. For the citizens and guests of the capital the doors of the Botanic Garden opened in 1970. During the year visitors had an opportunity to get acquainted with the outdoor exposition. And in 1971 opened the Palm House – a greenhouse with exotic plants from tropical countries.
Since 1992 the Tallinn Botanic Garden is a member of the Association of Baltic Botanic Gardens. Since 1994 it is a member of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature Botanic Gardens.
The collection of the Tallinn Botanic Garden
The collection of the garden began long before its opening. Since 1959 more than 50 expeditions were organized for scientists who managed to collect plant specimens including quite rare species. In the period from 1971 to 1990 for Tallinn scientists conducted 45 expeditions to floristic places of Russia, in which botanists were able to look at different parts of the country from the Crimea to the Kuril Islands.
Currently, the Botanic Garden’s collection numbers 2000 different varieties and species of plants. There are an alpinarium, an arboretum, and a rose garden in the open air. By the way, in 2014 there were about 600 species of roses! The botanical garden also has a library with 75,000 herbariums and more than 10,000 plant species descriptions. In addition, the park has a collection of natural landscapes.
Visiting the Botanic Gardens
Tallinn Botanic Garden is open to visitors all year round. In summer you can walk along two hiking trails and learn about the plants on the way. During the colder seasons, the Palm House is especially popular and regularly hosts themed exhibitions.
Entrance to the garden is paid. Tickets are sold at the ticket office located in front of the main gate. Here you can also check the current rates. For children under the age of 7, admission is free. It is possible to take photos in the garden for personal use, those who want to take commercial photos must buy a license and pay for it.
How to get to the garden?
You can get to your destination from the city center by taking regular city buses. Buses No. 34A and 38 go from the Viru Shopping Center’s Passenger Terminal to the Botanical Gardens. Get off at the Kloostrimetsa stop.
From 1920 to 1940 in Kloostrimetsa – the name of the street where the Botanical Garden is located – there was the farmstead of the first president of the Republic of Estonia Konstantin Päts. By the way, not far from the garden there is a grave of the statesman. Päts is buried in Metsakalmistu Forest Cemetery, which is one bus stop away in the direction of the city center.
Other interesting places
- Those interested in flora should certainly visit the Botanical Garden of Tartu. It is slightly smaller than the Tallinn Botanical Garden, but no less beautiful and interesting.
- The introduction to nature of Estonia can be continued at Pääsküla bog. It is located within the city, which makes it convenient to visit.
- Exotic plants abound in Tallinn Zoo. To some extent, it is also a botanical garden.
- At the same time, animal lovers should check out Polli Zoo, located in the village of Tuhala, which is not far from Tallinn.